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Role of women in economic life studies in the EUROMED Region
RWEL studies

The mapping of research and studies on issues related to gender equality in the MEDA region revealed a number of gaps that need to be addressed. In view of that, the RWEL programe will commission/undertake a number of studies each year to fill these gaps. The RWEL team will also collaborate with other regional prohrammes in the MEDA region involved in gender research.

During 2006 it was agreed to commission/undertake the following themes of studies in the ten countries:

Theme (1) Women Economic situation analysis.

It will include policy and legislative recommendations that can be presented to governments. The focus of the study is the economic participation of women but at the same time analysing how much the existing legal frameworks in the country with regard to labour law, family law, citizenship laws (i.e. Nationality, social entitlements... etc), as well as the penal code especially with regard to the issue of violence against women influence the economic participation of women. The legal frameworks should examine to what extent the economic rights of women are officially advocated and implemented in the country in compliance with the international legal instruments which the country has ratified especially the UN Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and ILO Decent Work. The study will also examine to what extent both government and non-government institutions facilitate the economic participation and economic empowerment of women. These institutions should include women’s machineries, political parties, syndicates, businessmen and businesswomen associations and non-governmental organizations. Socio-economic and cultural factors that influence the economic participation of women will be also be analyzed. These include educational and health status of women, property rights, family and state patriarchy, gender stereotyping, domestic violence and sexual harassment at the work place as well as the images of women in the media.


Theme (2): national women Machinery

It will examine in particular the ability of the women’s machinery to enforce new gender sensitive legislations or to redress gender discriminatory ones, the kind of collaboration of the machinery with women’s NGOs, the influence of the machinery in turning national and local budgets to be gender sensitive, an assessment of human and financial resources of the machinery, the extent of good governance inside the machinery, the availability and effectiveness of gender equality ombudsperson office that collaborates with the women’s machinery, the influence of the machinery in improving women’s image in the media, the stated and implemented policies of the machinery that address strategic interests of women, sustainability of the machinery and the role of the machinery in fostering or obstructing the national women’s machineries.

The assessment of each of the ten countries will be posted here soon.

After these two studies are completed in each of the ten countries, a comparative analysis will be made in two regional studies.

Theme (3): It is also envisaged to produce a study on international legal frameworks and how are they adhered to in a selected number of countries in the MEDA region.

There will be a focus on the UN Convention on all Forms of Discrimination Against Women and its Optional Protocol as a start.

Last updated: October 10, 2007
This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication is the sole responsibility of the British Council and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.